Oceanography and climatology programs

The key international oceanography programs use Argos to transmit data via satellite

Argos is a unique worldwide location and data collection system dedicated to studying and protecting the environment.

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The key international oceanography programs use Argos to transmit data via satellite from ocean buoys to information networks shared by professionals around the word. Some of the major programs include Data Buoy Cooperation Panel (DBCP) and Argo.

Program Programme mondial de bouées dérivantes de surface (Global Drifter Program)

L’objectif du Programme mondial de bouées dérivantes est de produire de nouvelle cartes de circulation de surface saisonnière sur les océans de la planète. Les données collectées via /img/argos/images donnent des informations clé pour permettre aux scientifiques d’étudier la température de surface de la mer, la pression du niveau de la mer et la vitesse de surface de l’océan, de vérifier les modèles de climat mondiaux, d’étudier les statistiques et la variabilité annuelles des structures tourbillonnaires, d’élaborer des modèles des courants dus au vent. Ce programme couvre plus spécifiquement les régions suivantes : le courant de Californie, le courant de Kuroshio, le courant du Brésil et la zone de subduction de l’Atlantique nord.

Triton: Moored Buoy Network

The Triton array of buoys or the Triangle Trans-Ocean buoy network, is a series of buoys for measuring surface meteorology and upper ocean. The buoys are deployed by JAMSTEC (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology ) in collaboration with many countries in and around the Pacific Ocean as part of international climate research programs.

The purpose of the program is for scientific research on warm water in the equatorial ocean affecting world climate change. For example in the figure, the array of TRITON buoys is designed to monitor ENSO covering the entire Pacific basin jointly with the TAO array, to study the heat and salt budgets, and to study water mass variability in the warm pool region.

Japan Agency of Marine-Earth Science and Technology website

Learn more about TRITON Web project

TAO (Tropical Atmospheric Ocean project): 70 buoys moored moorings in the Tropical Pacific Ocean

This long-term oceanography projects measures telemetering oceanographic and meteorological data in the Tropical Pacific Ocean region and sends them to shore in real-time via Argos. The “array” of buoys is a major component of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Observing System, the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) and the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS).

Tropical Atmosphere Ocean  project website

Argo: Global ocean observing program

The Argo program comprises a network of oceanography floats belonging to 25 countries. The program’s ultimate objective is to release 3000 floats covering ice-free areas to study long-term ocean variability. Some data collected from these floats, including temperature and salinity profiles, are relayed by Argos. Then distributed worldwide and posted on websites as well as specialized information networks. These data are giving scientists valuable information about the oceans and their role in shaping climate – a key element of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) seeking to ensure sustainable development of our planet.

Argo portal

Argo Real Time Status