Triton: Moored Buoy Network
The Triton array of buoys or the Triangle Trans-Ocean buoy network, is a series of buoys for measuring surface meteorology and upper ocean. The buoys are deployed by JAMSTEC (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology) in collaboration with many countries in and around the Pacific Ocean as part of international climate research programs.
The purpose of the program is for scientific research on warm water in the equatorial ocean affecting world climate change. For example in the figure, the array of TRITON buoys is designed to monitor ENSO covering the entire Pacific basin jointly with the TAO array, to study the heat and salt budgets, and to study water mass variability in the warm pool region.